Treatment, Causes and Symptoms
Dengue fever is a flu-like disease that is primarily found in South and Central America, and South East Asia. This mosquito-borne disease that can occur either as a mild or severe case, hallmarked by a fever which can lead to severe dengue. A life-threatening form of the virus which causes a hemorrhagic fever. The infection is carried by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, and comes in four closely related virus types. Often requires the individual to be hospitalized.
For those who live in the more northern regions of the tropics, it is the Aedes albopictus or the Asian tiger mosquito. They transmit the disease in cooler, more low-lying areas. Whilst humans cannot transmit the disease to one another, there is currently no cure.
Symptoms Dengue Fever
Often it is common for individuals to show no symptoms during a mild case of dengue fever. If any, symptoms will occur between four to ten days after being bitten by a mosquito carrying the virus.
- High fever
- Severe headaches
- Pain behind the eyes
- Joint and muscle pain
- Swollen glands
- Extreme pain in the bones
Individuals who contract mild dengue will recover within two to seven days and require lots of water and supervision. It is severe dengue that is life-threatening. If your platelets drop during a mild case of dengue fever, you have the potential to form dengue hemorrhagic fever or shock syndrome.
Symptoms of this include:
- Severe abdominal pain
- Persistent vomiting
- Blood in the urine
- Bleeding under the skin (bruising)
- Cold and clammy skin
- Bleeding from the nose or gums.
Severe dengue can cause organ damage, dehydration, and death as there is no cure for the viruses as of yet.
Dengue Fever Prevention Tips
Preventative measures include staying in an air-conditioned or well-screened home, especially during dawn and dusk, wearing protective clothing such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, shoes, and the like, and using mosquito repellent that has a concentration of 20-50% DEET.
Other than this, reducing the mosquito habitat around your home can help as mosquitoes like to breed in standing water, so remove items like flower vases, animal dishes, and plastic containers.
Treatment Dengue Fever
As for treatment, there is a dengue vaccine called Dengvaxia, which helps prevent infections about fifty percent of the time in those aged nine to forty-five. Other then this, an individual may receive a blood and platelet transfusion, receive intravenous fluids for rehydration, and oxygen therapy for those who have a hard time in-taking oxygen during a case of severe dengue. The good news for those worried about severe dengue is that it’s possible a patient can recover if it is caught early enough.
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